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二职中心小组实习教案(高二上)
发布时间:2009-12-03       编辑:admin

Unit 4 A garden of poems
Team members: 陈思宇 兰欣 熊晓蕾
(人教版新课标 英语 高二上,人民教育出版社)
教材分析
   本单元中心话题是“诗歌与文化”。单元各部分围绕着这一中心,着重介绍了中学生并不熟悉的英语诗歌。由于语言鸿沟的存在和中西文化差异,学生要真正的懂得欣赏英语诗歌并从中获得乐趣美感并不容易。通过本单元的学习,使学生了解英语诗歌中包含的绚丽多彩的西方文化,并引导他们思考和探寻诗歌文化中蕴藏的人本色彩。
   “热身”(Warming up) 部分由English Poetry的一个分支——学生较熟悉的“Songs”引入,继而介绍rhymes和limericks,并带入到课本中的两首limericks。在教学过程中强调师生互动,鼓励学生大胆将诗歌加上感情和动作表演出来,这样有助于学生更好的形成对本单元介绍的英语诗歌印象并产生较高的兴趣。
    “听力”(Listening)部分的内容分两部分内容:WB与SB。SB内容可以由“热身”(Warming up)活动结束后自然过渡导入, SB部分是一则对话:一位男生到图书馆借有关POEM的书籍,不知如何选择,于是请图书管理员推荐相关书目。对话涉及了很多有关诗歌的基本知识,如管理员推荐那位男生在读欣赏诗歌前应先对诗歌文化作一定的了解而推荐的A garden of poems(是关于诗歌总述及类别的一本书),然后又建议其分门别类的阅读诗歌,并有重点的欣赏自己喜欢的诗歌类型。这篇对话提出了一个概念:诗歌是按一定的特点和格式分类(type)的,阅读诗歌时应注意选择。WB包括一篇介绍诗歌起源的短文和三篇rhymes,有助于帮助学生了解并把握诗歌的节奏感和韵律美。通过“听力”(Listening)部分的学习,学生会更好的形成对诗歌的总体印象并了解英语诗歌中包含的丰富文化,为本单元后面部分的学习打下基础。
“读前”(Pre-reading)部分由一小部分有关诗歌创作的影片引入,直观地引起学生对诗歌的兴趣。然后再提到学生很熟悉的中国著名诗人,如李白,杜甫,并一起朗读李白的一篇名作,利用好母语,为承接到英语诗歌作好铺垫。
   “阅读”(Reading)部分标题是English Poetry,里面简单介绍英语诗歌的形成和几个代表时期,重点提到了Modern English Poetry的诞生和19世纪浪漫主义诗潮,提及了几个著名诗人及代表作,风格等等。文章最后提到了英语诗歌被引入中国以及用本国语翻译诗歌的利与弊,起到了画龙点睛的作用:我们学诗,读诗就是要自己去思考,去欣赏,这样才能开拓我们的视野,形成自己的审美观。在授课过程中,要特别注意智育(课堂教学与语言知识的习得),德育(引导学生形成正确的审美观乃至人生观)和美育(去发现并欣赏和种文化中蕴含的美)的结合渗透。
    “读后”(Post-reading)部分设计了两种练习。第一部分是针对文章的理解,检测学生对文章理解的程度。第二部分是学生去理解“诗歌及文化是连接一门语言与另一门语言,一种文化与另一种文化的桥梁”这句话,发现一种文化艺术形式中的内涵。这是对学生理解力和审美观的培养。
   “口语”(Speaking)部分放在“阅读”(reading)部分之后,因为这一单元的学习一定要注重知识的承接,学了“阅读”(reading)后能更好的熟悉英语诗歌和诗人,流派,能“有话可说”,有助于表达自己对一种文化形式的看法和见解。本部分将通过“BRAINSTORM”回忆课文中学过的诗人。关于SB中的Speaking,在小组活动中,组织学生分组对有关诗歌的Topics, Periods, Human feelings等话题开展讨论。讨论时再次强调Useful Expressions的使用。而书中WB里的TALKING,讨论的是“现在诗歌是否依然流行还是已死亡”这个话题,可以将学生分成两组,设立裁判,让他们自由发言给出意见,最后由老师进行总结这种形式。通过“口语”(Speaking)部分,学生会在一定程度上将书本上的知识转化成自己的观点表达出来,既增加了他们对英语诗歌的理解又很好的锻炼了口语。
    语言学习(Language Study)分词汇和语法两部分。词汇部分设计了一些题目来回顾复习文中出现的一些重点词汇和词组。在语法的讲解前,通过一个简单视频(儿歌)说明诗歌中的一种RHYME的压韵特点。本单元的语法项目是“过去分词作状语”的用法。在此要特别注意由于本单元是分词(包括现在分词和过去分词)用法的最后一个章节,需要对分词作一个总结和清理,因此需要将现在分词和过去分词用法共同点(如逻辑主语一致)及不同点(如现在分词常表主动,过去分词表被动)作一个罗列。当然简单罗列并不行,需要把最容易混淆的东西再过滤一遍,解释清楚。
    学习技能(Integrating Skills)部分包括听、读、说、写三部份,有着一个很明显的结合,过渡,继承过程,相互渗透,讨论了一个有关如何带着感情去欣赏理解诗歌的问题。本部份先让学生听Keats和Wordsworth的两首诗作为引入,让学生朗读并谈感受。再转入课文,阅读简单的课文后有一个Assessment步骤,通过三个问题评估学生的理解能力。接下来是课文练习中的现代诗“Dust of snow”赏析,引导学生理解诗歌中的意境(IMAGE)并对诗歌中诗人情绪变化“changes of mood”作一个分解。至此,本单元对于学生能力的培养已到了一个更高的层次。在教学过程中,适当要求学生作朗读和背诵,加强互动,引导学生诵读诗歌时投入感情,注意语音语调的变化。在本课时最后一个环节中,让学生根椐一首现代诗写出其主题与意境(可参考使用英文名曲“Right here waiting”。
    学习建议(Tips)部分向学生提供了如何找诗歌来朗读的一些建议,清楚明了,可以作为学生平时阅读的一个很实用有效的指导。
    复习要点(Checkpoint)简要总结了本单元的语法重点——“过去分词作状语”的用法。最后一个问题引导学生对本单元所学的词汇作一次小结,以增强学生自主探索的学习能力。
课时安排
Teaching Plan for Unit 4 A garden of poems
1.Warming up&Listening
(1)Warming up
(2)Listening in SB
(3)Listening in WB
2.Pre-reading
(1)Pre-reading
  (2)Reading
3.Post-reading
  (1)Reading
  (2)Post-reading
(3)Extended reading
4.Speaking
(1)Warming up
(2)Speaking
(3)Talking in Work Book
5.Language Study
  (1)Word Study
  (2)Grammar
6.Integrating skills
  (1)Reading
  (2)Writing
  (3)Checkpoint

教材重点和难点
1.重点单词
poem   n. 诗;韵文;诗体文
intention   n. 意图;目的;打算
recite   vt. 背诵;朗诵
pattern   n. 型;模式;方式
dialogue   n. 对话;(文学,戏剧,电影中的)对白
sort   vt. 将事物分类;整理     n.种类;类型
sadness   n. 悲哀;难过
grammar   n. 语法;语法学
glory   n. 光荣;荣誉;荣耀的事;壮丽
absence   n. 不在;缺席;缺乏
district   n. 地区;区域
atmosphere   n. 气氛;情绪;大气;大气层
introduction   n. 序言;介绍;引进
translate   vt. 翻译;用简单易懂的语言表达
translation   n. 翻译;译文
extraordinary   adj. 特别的;不平常的;惊人的
idiom   n. 习语;成语;语言习惯用法
apart   adv. 相隔;相距;除去;单独地
recommend   vt. 推荐;介绍;建议
contribute   vi. 作出贡献;捐献;投(稿)   vt. 贡献;提供;捐献;投稿

2.重点词组
put…together   把……结合成一整体;装配
play with   玩;玩耍;游戏
call up   召唤;使人想起;调动(力量,人员等);(给……)打电话
stand out   突出;显眼;远远超过某人(物)
light up   照亮;使放光彩;点上(烟等)吸起来
come into being   出现;形成;产生
send for   使某人来到;要求将某物取来或送到
contribute to…   为……作贡献(或捐献);有助于……;向……投稿

3.词汇拓展
poem (n.) → poetry (n.) → poet (n.)
absence (n.) →absent(adj.)
translate (vt.) →translation(n.)
contribute (vt.) → contribution(n.)

4.句型结构
1. Poetry also calls up all the colours, feelings, experiences and curious images of a dream world.
2. His sonnets, however, belong to the best English poetry.
3. Before the end of the century, there was another famous writer, John Milton. Once published, his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line.
4. Greatly loved in China are the English Romantic poets.
5. They can help us to understand each other better, or as Mu Dan wrote:…
6. Quietly, we embrace in a world lit up by words.
7. If I see you next to never, how can I say forever?

5、重点语法
本单元重点语法是“过去分词作状语”的用法。过去分词一般表示完成的和被动的动作,在句子中可以用作定语、表语、宾语补足语和状语,但不能单独构成谓语。本单元是过去分词分法的最后一章节,有必要将之前所学的内容(包括现在分词和过去分词用法)作归纳与总结,扫除最易混淆的几个盲点。

6、教学难点
(1) 如何循序渐进地引导学生去了解英语诗歌,懂得去欣赏发现诗歌中的美,在一定程度上学会去分析英语诗歌的韵律,意境及情境,最终明白“诗歌及文化是连接一门语言与另一门语言,一种文化与另一种文化的桥梁”这句话包含的道理。
(2) 分词用法的总结与难点解析。
(3) 帮助学生形成一定的审美观,学会用自己的角度去思考和发现西方文化的美感和人文色彩。

Unit 4 A Garden of Poems
The First Period   Warming-up & Listening
Teaching Aims:
1.Talk about rhymes, songs, limericks and poems to raise the students’ interest in poetry.
2.Improveing the students’ listening ability.
3.Introduce some poems to the students.

Teaching Difficult points:
1.To teach the students how to grasp the detailed information to finish the listening task.
2.How to make every students active in this lesson.

Teaching Aids:
1.a computer
2.a projector
Teaching Procedures:
(Play the song “Ten little Indian boys”)

Step I  Greetings and Lead in.
T: Good morning, everyone!
Ss: Good morning, Mrs/Mr …!
T: Sit down please. Just now we’ve enjoyed a song. Do you like it?
Ss: Yes./(No)
T: Ok. This kind of songs belong to poetry. And so do rhymes and limericks. Rhymes and limericks can be very interesting. So let’s enjoy them now.

Step II Warming up.
1) Listen and read the rhyme
Good, better, best!
Never have it rest!
Till good is better!
And better, best!
2) Listen and read the limerick.
People laugh and people cry.
Some give up, some always try.
Some say hi while some say bye.
Others may forget you but never I.
Ok. Now please open your books and turn to page 25. Let’s enjoy two more limericks.
3)Read the limericks and ask “What is the pattern of each poem?

Step III. Pre-listening
T: It seems poems are really interesting. I’d like to know more about poetry.
But where can I find a certain poem? Are poems put together in collections of poetry?
Maybe these questions can help us.
Who wrote them?
What are they about?
When were they written?

Step IV. While listening
In collections of poetry, poems are put together because they belong to the same group.
They can be sorted by different writers, or they can be sorted by a certain topic or a certain period of time.
1.Listen to the tape and list the name of the books on poems by different writers. (Suggested answers: A Garden of Poems”
“1001 Songs or Poems in English”
2.Listen to the tape and list the the information of poems by a certain topic
Suggested answers: The topic can be human feelings (humour& love…)
“Poetry about Nature” (flowers, trees, plants & the old countryside)
“The Earth is Painted Green”
3.Poems by a certain period time
Suggested answers: “English Poem of the Early 17th Century”
“Poetry Between the World Wars”
4.OK, Since we learned some about poems. Now let’s listen to the a reader and a woman working in the library.
First listen to the tape and tick the words that are used by the woman.
Suggested answer: poem, collection, the World Wars , The countryside  and nature.
5.Listen to the tape again and answer the following questions.
1).What is the dialogue about?
2)What kind of book is A Garden of Poems?
3)Which period is meant when we say “between the World Wars”?
4)How should you read a book such as 1001 Songs and Poems in English?
5)Which topic for poetry does the student like?

Step V. Post-listening
1.T: OK. What topic for poetry do you like?
S: …….
T:Sometimes English poems can be read in a really interesting way. Now I’d like you to enjoy one of them.
(A rhyme
Pick an apple
Pick a pear
Pick a banana over there.
Let’s work and let’s play,
Picking apples every day.)
2.Listen and imitate.

Step VI. Listening on the workbook.
Good. I’m really interested in poems and I want to know why our ancestors invent poetry. Do you know the reason. If you don’t know, let’s look at the following questions.
1)Before the invention of writing, was there any other way but to remember important things?
2)Were rhyme and rhythm very helpful when they are trying to remember things?
3)Why did our ancestors invent poetry?
4)What is the listening text about?

Listen to the tape and find out the answers to the questions.
Tape description:    People invented poetry as they help to remember things. Before the invention of writing, there was no other way but to remember important things. People early discovered that rhyme and rhythm were very helpful when they are trying to remember things. So they made poems to help them remember all the things they needed to know and passed on from generation to generation. For example to remember their history. They recited great stories about their ancestors and the wars that were fought.
(Collect the answers from the students.)
T: Yes. Before the invention of writing, there was no other way but to remember important things.
And rhyme and rhythm were very helpful when people are trying to remember things. That’s why our ancestors invented poetry.

Step VII. Listening and imitating.
T: OK. Poems are helpful to remember things. But what things can they help us remember? Please listen to the following examples and find out some of the ways.
1.We can learn and remember important dates in history using rhyme. The rhyme most famous of these is: “In 1492, Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue” to remember that it was in 1492 that Columbus discovered the Americas.
2.There are also short lines to remember how many days each month has.  “30 days has September, April, June and November. The rest have 31. Fine! February 28 except when 29.”
3.We can even learn had spelling with words from a short poem. The words ‘receive’ sounds like ‘believe’. But the spelling is not the same. Listen to the following short poem, It is very useful to help students learn and remember how to spell some difficult words in English and it always works.
“I” before “E” except after “C” or when sounding like [ei] as in “neighbour” and “way”.
Suggested answers:

Rhyme 1 is useful to remember important dates in history. (to remember that it was in 1492 that Columbus discovered the Americas)

Rhyme 2 is useful to remember how many days each month has.

Rhyme 3 is useful to help students learn and remember how to spell some difficult words in English.


Rhymes and rhythms are helpful. Do you use poetry to remember things?
Who sometimes still uses poetry to remember things today?
(Collect answers then listen to the following.)
But people also need to remember practical things such as where to find good cages to sleep, where to find water that could be drunk or when to plant crops. We no longer need poetry to remember things. But it doesn’t mean we shouldn’t or coundn’t use it to help us remember things better.
So anyone who want to remember things better can still use poetry to remember things.

Step VIII. Post-listening
You’ve done a good job today.  Let’s enjoy some more poems. And you are required to recite some of these poems. You can recite and many as possible. We will check the next period.
1)Women
If you kiss her, you are not a gentleman
If you don’t, you are not a man
If you praise her, she thinks you are lying
If you don’t, you are good for nothing
If you agree to all her likes, she is abusing
If you don’t, you are not understanding
If you make romance, you are an experienced man
If you don’t, you are half a man
If you visit her too open, she thinks it’s boring
If you don’t, she accuses you of double crossing
If you are well dressed, she says you are a playboy
If you don’t, you are a dull boy
….
“O Lord, tell me what to do. AMEN”
2)Always Have a Dream
Forget about the days when it’s been cloudy,
But don’t forget your hours in the sun.
Forget about the times you’ve been defeated,
But don’t forget the victories you’ve won.
Forget about the misfortunes you’ve encountered,
But don’t forget the times your luck has turned.
Forget about the days when you’ve been lonely,
But don’t forget the friendly smiles you’ve seen.
Forget about the plans that didn’t seem to work out right.
But don’t forget to always have a dream.

Step IX  Homework.
Recite one or two poems and get ready for tomorrow’s lesson!


Teaching plan
For Unit 4 A Garden of Poems
The 2nd period
Reading (English Poetry)

Teaching Goals:
1. Learn about poets and poems of different countries.
2. The similarities and differences between the Chinese and English poets and poems.
3. Improve the student’s reading ability.
Teaching procedures:
Step1 Greeting & Warming-up
(Before the beginning of the class, show the students a clip of video from the movie Dead Poets Society.)
T: Morning, boys & girls!
Ss: Morning, sir!
T: Just now, we saw a video clip from the movie Dead Poets Society. (Show the poster on the screen) Have you found what is the boy doing?
SA: He is creating a poem.
T: Yeah, quiet right! He is using his imagination to create a poem. We know poetry is a special form of literature. If you want to write a good poem, you need to put yourself in the dream world of the poem. (Show the words on the screen one by one)

Step 2 Lead-in
T: We know China has long history and splendid culture. Of course, in the field of poetry, we have many of the world’s greatest poets. Can you name some famous poets?
SB&SC: Li Bai, Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Wang Wei……
T: Good job! Thanks. (Show the portraits of Li Bai & Du Fu on the screen) Chinese poets, such as Li Bai & Du Fu use their genius to make the dream world of poetry more colorful. Here is a poem written by Li Bai, I think you are familiar with it.
( Show the poem望庐山瀑布 on the screen)
T: Okay, let’s read it aloud together.
  Great poet Li Bai use his endless imagination to describe the wonderful scenery of the Lu Shan Mountain Waterfall, we can feel the power & magic of the waterfall through the words that Li Bai use. Can you recite any other poems that written by Chinese poets?
(Call several of them to recite)
T: Well done! We have taken a look on the art of poetry and Chinese poetry. Next, we’ll take a journey to English poetry (show the theme page on the screen). English poetry is as interesting and attractive as Chinese. I’ll be the guide to show you around. Are you ready?
Ss: Yes!

Step 3 Fast-reading
T: So here we go! Open your books and turn to P27, look at the Reading part, English Poetry. First, I want you to go through the text quickly and find the answers to the following 2 questions:
Q: 1. What are the differences between poetry and other forms of literature?
2. Whose poetry reminds Chinese readers of Du Fu or Li Bai? Whose of Su Dongpo?
(Give them 2 minutes to find the answers)
T: Well, let’s deal with the 2 questions.
A: 1. ① Poetry plays with sounds, words and grammar. ② Poetry is difficult to write, but interesting to read.③ Poetry calls up all the colors, feelings,experiences  and curious images of a dream world.
2. ① William Wordsworth, George Gordon Byron & John Keats    ② John Donne

Step 4 Careful-reading
Task 1. The main idea of each paragraph
T: Good job! How many paragraphs in the text? (7) Ok, now listen to the tape & read the text carefully. Then I want you to summarize each paragraph’s main idea.
(Then call some of them to give the main idea of the each paragraph)
Para. 1  The characters of poetry.
Para. 2  A look on Chinese poetry.
Para. 3  The first period of Modern English poetry.
Para. 4  Modern English poetry in the 19th century.
Para. 5  Why modern poets have special attraction?
Para. 6  The introduction of English poetry to China.
Para. 7 ①The translation of English poetry.②The role that poems act as.

Task 2 A timeline
T: Excellent! Here is a task for you. Please focus on paragraph 3-5 and finish the timeline (show it on the screen), which will help you to get a more clear impression of some great poets in English history. Now do it!
Step 4 Post-reading
Task 1
T: Let’s turn to next step. Look at P28, Ex.1, make sure to get the right choices.
(After 2 minutes, check the answers)
Keys:  1. A   2. C   3. B   4. D   5. C
Task 2
T: In several paragraphs, there are some words in bold; can you tell what do they refer to?
(Show the 5 sentences on the screen and call some of the students to answer)
Para. 1  That makes poetry difficult to write, but very interesting to read.     
------Poetry plays with sounds,words and grammar.
Para. 3  Despite its short history,there is a lot of good poetry around.
------English poetry’s
Para. 4  The style and atmosphere in their poems has often…
------William Wordsworth,Byron,John Keats
Para. 5  Finally, modern poets have their special …in the language and images they use.
------modern poets
Para. 7  They can help us to understand each other better,…------poems and literature

Step 5 Further-understanding
T: This lesson, we’ve learnt much of English poetry, it’s an exciting experience. Here is a question for you: the writer talks about the translation of poems in the last paragraph. Think this question;
Task 1
Q: If a poem is translated into another language, is it still the same poem? What are some differences?
A: Something of the spirit of the original works is lost (including rhythm, rhyme, figures of speech of the poem, etc.).七步诗.)

Task 2
T: The poet Mu Dan wrote a short poem, “Quietly, we embrace In a world lit up by words.”.
Q: Can you use your own words to explain it?
A: When people from one country read the poems from another, they will be struck by what is inside the poem, so they will understand each other and become good friends.
Step 6 Enjoyment
T: You have understood the magic that poetry brings, that’s great! There, we can use a image to describe the special role that poems and literature act as, “Poems and literature can be bridges.” Can you give other images to express the same idea? Who’d like to have a try?
A: 1.Poems and literature can be ties that bring the East and the West together.
2. Poems and literature can be fine wine enjoyed by the East and the West.
Step 7 Discussion
T: It’s really amusing! At the end of this lesson, let’s have a discussion.
Are poems good for our life? What can we get from poems?
(After several minutes, let them to express their opinion)
Suggested answers: 1. Poems bring passion (激情) to our life.    2. Poems help us to understand life, virtues, beauty and romance…    3. Poems make us know, we are here,we can make our life and the world more colorful!
Step 8 Homework
1. Read the text again to get a better understanding.
Teaching plan For Unit 4  A Garden of Poems
The 3rd period  Speaking
Teaching aims:
1. Talking about poems to raise the ss’interest in poems.
2. Making dialogue to improve the ss’speaking ability.

Teaching procedures:
Step1 Greeting & Lead-in
(At the beginning of the class, show the ss a poem----twinkle,twinkle little star)
T:Just now, we enjoined a bit interesting poem. How do you feel about the poem? (ss may have different ideas). For myself, I like it. When I read the poem, it seems that a clear picture is shown before me. In the dark sky of night, there are thousands of stars that twinkle in the sky! So in this way, poem tells us about nature and shows us the beauty of nature. No wonder there are many poets expressing themselves by writing poems!

Step 2 Warming-up
T: You know there are many poems existing in the world, and China has a long history of poems ranging from Li Bai, Du Fu in the ancient times to Guo Monuo in the modern times. Can you recite some Chinese poems in a vivid way?
(Welcome some ss to perform and give some claps; if possible show them some flash for the poems)

Step 3 Speaking
1.  T: It seems that you have mastered Chinese poems well.
T: 1) Do you all like the poems written by Li Bai or Du Fu?
2) Whose style do you like best? /Which poet do you like best?
So different people may like different poems. And you’ve also gained some knowledge of English poetry well, so it’s easy for you to express your feelings about poems.
2. T: The circles below give you ideas of topics for poems, periods of time, groups or names of poets and human feelings in poems. Work in groups. Ask each other questions about the kind of poetry your classmates might want to read. Choose a word from each circle and explain why you would /would not like to read a poem like that. You can repeat the exercise a few times.
3. T: When you are practising with your partner, do remember to use
    the useful expressions listed in your book.

Step 4 Talking
T: A wonderful job! You all can express yourselves freely and use the expressions very well. Your ideas all sound reasonable. Though poems are beautiful and they can sometimes explore our inner motions, yet still many other people don’t like them, for they think they are too sensitive. So some people are worried about their disappearing.
T: Read the following passage and decide whether poetry is getting more popular or whether it is disappearing. Explain why you think so.
------Poetry is dead! There are few people who read poetry in their free time. Who cares? However, some people do care. They think it is important to stop poetry disappearing from culture life.
One way to save poetry is by proving that poetry is alive and around us everywhere. Poetry is not something for students of literature: an advertisement is just as much a poem as a Shakespeare sonnet(十四行诗).
Poetry festival can make poetry more popular .At festivals, poets and audiences get together to read and listen to poetry. The song texts of hip-hop and rap music are often regarded as a new type of poetry of our time. Long live poetry.
T: So having read this short passage, what’s your point of view about the destiny(命运) of the poetry?
T:(GW)Those who think poetry will be more popular, please sit on the left side of the class, and you are side A; And those who think poetry will disappear, please sit on the right side of the class, and you are side B. Then discuss the topic with your group members (4 ss a group) and last let’s share your ideas. And the monitor will be the judge to host the discussion.
T: Monitor, you please! You may open the discussion like this: I’m honored to host the discussion. What’s the future of the poetry? We don’t know, but maybe after the discussion we can have a clear understanding of poetry. Now let’s open our ears to their talking. Side A, you first……
(Then the monitor comes to host the discussion)
 T: A really hot discussion. No matter how bad people’s attitudes towards poetry, after all poetry is a shining star in the sky of literature. There are still many points for us to appreciate. Enjoy poems, enjoy your life!

Step 5 HK
T: You know one way to stop poems from disappearing is to prove that poetry is alive and around us everywhere. So to hold a poetry festival is a good idea.
   Now you are asked to help organize a poetry festival at your school. The festival will take place on two days and it is hoped that the programme will be interesting and varied. Work in groups to discuss and decide about the programme for the festival. Discuss which forms of poetry should be part of the festival and which not.

 


THE   END
The Fourth Period Word Study and Grammar
Teaching aims:
1.Learn and master the Past Participle used as adverbial.
2.Compare the differences between the Present Participle and the Past Participle used as adverbial.

Teaching Procedures:
Step 1 Song
Ask the students to watch the VCD programme and learn to sing the song AN APPLE A DAY.
An apple a day ,
Keeps the doctor away.
An apple a day,
Keeps the doctor away.
A-P-P-L-E, “apple”
Then ask the students to look at the words from the song---“day, away”.
T: What do these two words have in common?
S: They end with the same vowel---/ei/.
T: If two words have the same sound, including a vowel, we can say they rhyme. Who can give us some words that rhyme?
S: Horse and mouse, school and fool…
Now look at Part 2. Please read them and match the words that rhyme.
Suggested answers:
mad-glad  tale-fail  glory-story  recite-night  cow-plough  shade-afraid  isle-smile embrace-base
Step 2 Word study
T: Please turn to Page 29. Look at Word Study, Part 1. Fill in the blanks with words in the text. Have a discussion with your partner and then we’ll check the answers:
Suggested answers:
1. poem  2. absence  3.atmosphere  4.stories  5. poets  6. translated (put)
Step 3 Grammar
Show the two sentences on the screen.
The past participle used as adverbial.
1.Once published, his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line.
2. No matter how well translated, something of the spirit of the original work is lost.
T: Look at the two sentences on the screen, who can tell us their Chinese meanings.
1.一经出版,他的作品就因不押韵而著名。
2.即使翻译得再好,一经翻译,原作的一些精华就没有了。
T: Can you think of another way to express these ideas?
Suggested answers:
1. Once it (his work) was published, his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line.
2. No matter how well it is translated, something of the spirit of the original work is lost.
T: From the sentences we’ve discussed, we know that if the past participle is used as adverbial, we can change them into the adverbial clauses, which has the same meaning. Now turn to Page 30. Please look at Grammar Part 1.Complete each sentence by using the past participle of the right verb. Before doing that, who will tell the meanings of the words in the box?
Suggested answers:
1. Frightened   2. followed   3. examined   4. Built   5. Seen   6. trapped   7. shot
Step 4 Practice
Show the sentences on the screen.
1. The castle , burned down in 1943, was never built.
2. If left alone on a deserted island, what would you do to survive?
T: Look at the two sentences on the screen. Each of the sentences has a past participle. Have a discussion about them and decide their functions.
Suggested answers;
1.In the first sentence the past participle phrase “ burned down in 1943” is used as attribute, modifying the noun “castle”. The meaning of the whole sentence is:1943年被夷为平地的那座城堡,再也没有重建。
2. In the second sentence, “ left alone on a deserted island” is used as adverbial, expressing condition. The meaning of the whole sentence is: “如果你流落到一个荒凉的岛上,为了生存下去,你会怎么办呢?
Now look at Part 2 and decide the function of each past participle phrase. You can do it in pairs or groups.
Suggested answers:
1. AT     2. AD     3. AD     4. AT
Step 5 Consolidation
T: Look at the example on Page 30. Here are two sentences. They both have the same meaning but their adverbials are expressed in the different ways. Study the example and then rewrite the sentences on Page 31, using a clause to substitute the past participle phrase.
Suggested answers:
1. When he was asked what had happened, he told us about it.
2. As he was well known for his expert advice, he received many invitations to give lectures,
3. If we were given more time, we would be able to do the work much better.
4. Once it was translated into Chinese, the book became very popular among Chinese teenagers.
5. As she was deeply interested in medicine, she decided to become a doctor.
6. Though she was left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all.
Step 6 Comparison
Show two pictures. Ask the students to make sentences using the present participle and past participle as adverbial.
A. When crossing the street, you must be careful.
B. Followed by many students, the teacher came in.
T: Well done, so far we have finished learning the present and past participle used as adverbial. Let’s have a revision and make a comparison.
1.共同点: 现在分词和过去分词在句中不能单独作谓语,但可作定语,表语,宾语补足语,状语.
分词作状语时,其逻辑主语是句子的主语.如:
正确:Looking from the top of the hill, we can see the whole town..
错误:Being an orphan, the villagers take good care of the child.
正确:Seen from the hill, our school looks more beautiful.
错误:Seeing from the hill, our school looks more beautiful.
2.不同点: 现在分词有时态和语态的变化;而过去分词只有一种形式,现在分词常表”主动”和 “进行”;过去分词的一般式常表 “被动”和 “完成”.
式 语态 及物动词make的主动语态 及物动词make的被动语态 
不及物动词rise
现在分词 一般式 making being made rising
 完成式 having made having been made having risen
过去分词  made risen
3.易混淆点:
a.分词作伴随状语时,若表”正在被……” 的概念,常用过去分词,而不用现在分词的被动式.
 Followed by some officials, Napoleon inspected his army.
b.现在分词的完成被动式和过去分词两者都可表示 “完成”和 “被动”,但前者更加强调分词动作明显先于谓语动作;而后者的时间性不强.
Having been told to stay in Beijing, the boy decided not to return to his village.
Step 7 Practice
“分词”专项能力训练题
单项填空
1. What’s the language _______ in Germany?
A. speaking      B. spoken      C. be spoken     D. to speak
2. He had his leg ________ in the match yesterday?
A. to break  B. broken    C. break   D. breaking
3. It was so cold that he kept the fire _______ all night.
A. to burn  B. burn    C. burning      D. burned
4. She’s upstairs _________ letters.
A. writes        B. is writing    C. write        D. writing
5. “ Can’t you read?” Mary said  ________ to the notice.
A. angrily pointing    B. and point angrily
C. angrily pointed             D. and angrily pointing
6. The lecture was so _________ that they were all _________.
A. inspiring: exciting          B. inspiring; excited
C. inspired; excited           D. inspired; exciting
7. The wheat fields are irrigated by water _______ from a pond through bamboo pipes.
A. bring        B. brings        C. brought       D. bringing
8. This is one of the books ________ by him now.
A. to be written               B. being written      
C. having been written         D. is been written
9. The book ________ belongs to me.
A. which lying on the table        B. lying on the table
C. is on the table                D. lay on the table
10. The poor boy looked to the right and to the left, _______ where to go.
A. not knowing    B. not to know    C. didn’t know    D. not being known
11. _________ anything about the accident, he went to work as usual.
A. Not known     B. Known not     C. Knowing not   D. Not Knowing
12. This news sounds _________.
A. encouraging    B. encouraged     C. encourage     D. to encourage
13. _________, the subject belongs to biology.
A. Strictly spoken                   B. Spoken strictly
C. Strictly speaking                  D. Speaking strictly
14. __________, the players tried their best to win the game for their country.
A. Greatly encouraged                B. Having greatly encouraged
C. To be greatly encouraged            D. Greatly encouraged
15. ________ that mistake once, I shall not make the same mistake again.
A. Made         B. To make         C. Making        D. Having made
16. --- Will you go to the party?
   ---Of course I will _________.
A. if invited                         B. if having invited  
C. if I was invited                    D. if I will be invited
17. _________ a child, Elizabeth enjoyed studying art and music.
A. She was      B. When was        C. When being     D. Being
18. The bridge _________ now over the Changjiang River will be completed at the end of this year.
A. built        B. is being built       C. being built     D. to be built
19. _________ that there was an accident ahead, the bus driver changed course.
A. Warning     B. Having warned     C. To be warned   D. Having been warned
20. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, ________ that ha had enjoyed his stay here.
A. having added  B. to add           C. adding        D. added
Suggested answers:
1---5 B B C D A   6---10 B C B B A   11---15 D A C A D  16---20 A D C D C
Homework
Finish the word study and grammar part on the workbook.

The 5th Period Intergrating Skills
A Lesson Plan for Songs and Poems
Goals/objectives:
Students will:
1. Learn to read poems aloud with expression.
2. Learn to enjoy simple poems and interpret basic elements of poetry.
3. Practice listening actively

Time required
40 minutes

Step One

Warming-up
Play two recordings of the poems by Keats and Wordsworth as students listen; direct their attention to the rhythm, the rhyme and the sounds of the words. Guide them to forget about difficult words by getting the students to quickly go through the penultimate paragraph of the text. Highlight the sentence:

“Poetry uses many difficult words and idioms, but the best thing is to just forget about them.”

Brainstorm some of their understanding of the rhyming of poetry by letting them giving examples of rhyming words.
e.g. 

 

 

 

Get them to practice reading aloud these couples of rhyming words for a little while and then ask several to demonstrate.

Ask for their favorite Chinese poems and when and how they read poems.
Also ask them if they sometimes read by the light of the candle and if reading poems is kind of romantic etc.
Ask them to compare singing songs to reading poems.
Step Two

Pre-reading

After the previous brief activity of comparing singing songs and reading poems, lead them to the title Songs and Poems. Ask “Are the song words also a kind of poem lines?” They may think of the fact that in ancient times poems were sung.

Step Three

While-reading

Invite students to list unfamiliar words that they noticed in the passage.
e.g. avoid, recite, extraordinary

Step Four

Post-reading

Assess students understanding by asking their a few questions:
e.g.
1. When does the writer sing songs?
2. When did the writer begin to touch on poetry?
3. When does the writer read Keats and when Wordsworth?

Step Five 
Exercise I

Briefly introduce "Dust of Snow" by Robert Frost.

Listening and reading aloud

Play the recording of Robert frost s Dust of Snow at a high volume as the students listen and then have them repeat after the recording. Guide them to read with expression.

Discussion
Discuss how many characters are involved in the poem.
(There is no right or wrong answer here as long as the students can give a reason why they want to assign a part to a certain character.)

Possible answers include:
Two (a crow and a person),
Four ( a crow, a person, a tree a heart)

Analysis

Guide them to notice the line "A change of mood".
Ask them a few questions
1. his mood has changed, from what mood to what mood?
2. What happens to bring about the change?

Appreciation

Brainstorm about how students feel at the beginning of the poem.

Answers may vary:
The Crow may let some of them think of bad luck.
The Crow above the writer’s head may let some of them think of a lonely place.

Practice

Get students to read the poem aloud again and have some of them to recite the poem in class.
Step Six

Exercise II

Let students take out their exercise books. Do exercise 2 on Page 32 with the poem as "right here waiting".

Homework:

1. Draw a couple of comic strips according to the imagery of Dust of Snow
2. Finish the workbook passage "The Birth of Modern Poetry" by yourself.

 
 
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